Sunday, May 24, 2020

Title Ix And Buzz Components Of The New Student...

Today’s experience was filled with training to facilitate the Title IX and Buzz components of the new student orientation. Buzz is a component that educates students, RAs, and mentors on the issues of drinking and encourages moderate drinking instead of abstinence. I also learned about Rollin’s Title IX program which is meant to educate student, RAs, and mentors about sexual harassment, assault, and consent. I thought Buzz was innovative and educational, while I am concerned about the consistent messages that men are rapists and sexual attackers who must pledge not to attack in the title IX component. This seemed to be what was being inferred. This emotional reaction is something that I need to explore to get a better insight. No person whether male or female should be assaulting anyone sexually or physically. Over-all, it remains a great attempt at making all young students aware of social issues on campus. I look forward to facilitating. Reviewed, printed, corrected, and rehearsed all materials for Title IX presentation for Friday. I also contacted co-facilitator to set up a time to rehearse our presentation. Reviewed, printed, corrected, and rehearsed all materials for Title IX presentation for Saturday’s presentation. I was surprised how much more information was given for Saturday but realized someone else went over â€Å"Red Zone† on Friday. I find that as I read through the material I have some strong reactions to what is being presented, both positive and negative.Show MoreRelatedManagement Practices of Banglalink6560 Words   |  27 PagesREPORT ON MANAGEMENT PRACTICES OF ‘BANGLALINK’ Course Title: Course Code: Submitted to: Principles of Management MGT-101 Dr. Motaher Hossain Course Instructor(MGT-101) Institute of Business Administration Jahangirnagar University Submitted by: Aniqa Tahsin Anchal(787), Md. Shafaeth Zaman(802), Nafiz Imtiaz Noor(816), Sabiha Sultana(1257), Md. 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Wednesday, May 13, 2020

The Impact Of Globalization On Nigeria - 2115 Words

Impact of Globalization on Nigeria Ahmet Harun Ãâ€"zdemir BoÄŸazià §i University Author Note This paper was prepared for Program 4, Section 1, taught by Nayat Basma ABSTRACT Expanding information environment which is led by internet, e-mail, free trade and openness and information sciences, have reduced the world a global village. In these modern times, there has been unbelievable alteration in almost all aspects of the society. It is a prevalent belief that globalization holds the key to instantaneous international marketing growth and development. However, Nigeria is, no doubt, facing many new challenges besides many opportunities. Thus, Nigeria does not gain advantages from globalization. The paper also suggests ways which negative effects of globalization can be examined. INTRODUCTION Shanker and Luo (2004:199) address to globalization as â€Å"the growing economic interdependencies of countries worldwide through the increasing volume and variety of cross-border processes in goods and services and of international capital flows, as well as through the widespread and rapid expansion of technology and information.† Globalization typically involves economic integration; the transfer of policies across borders; the share of knowledge; cultural stability; the reproduction, relations, and expressions of power; it is a global process, a concept, a revolution, and an establishment of the global market free from sociopolitical control. It has helped to makeShow MoreRelatedEssay on The Pros and Cons of Globalization900 Words   |  4 PagesGlobalization can be defined as the system of interaction among the countries of the world in order to develop the global economy. It also refers to the integration of economics and societies all over the world (http://hotbabefat chicks.hubpages.com/hub/Definition-of-Globalization). Globalization can be both advantageous and detrimental to developing countries. Some of its advantages are increased external finance, improved technology and political conformism. Disadvantages of globalization includeRead MoreImpact Of Trade Liberalization On African Countries Essay1627 Words   |  7 PagesThe scholarship examining the extent at which trade liberalization (henceforth refers to as economic globalization) impacts poverty levels is limited. This essay examines the relationships between economic globalization and poverty levels in African countries. For instance, a 2006 UNDP report illustrates that just 7.2 percent of Bayelsa and Rivers State (Nigeria) residents were poor in 1980, but in 2004, the poverty index figures rose exponentially to 44.3 percent; Nigeria’s national rural povertyRead MoreThe World And The Implications For Inequalities And Unevenness1429 Words   |  6 Pagesignored to produce cheap goods. There is also an increase in human trafficking. Nigeria is an example of a country which is rich in natural resources but is still negatively affected by globalisation. It has abundant mineral resources and is abundant in crude oil. The citizens, however, are hungry and poor. The UNDP has classified the country as 141 in the poorest nations on human development index. In its report, Nigeria is considered one of the 20 poorest countries in the world with 70% of the populationRead MoreThe Culture Of The Niger Delta Region Of Southern Nigeria1200 Words   |  5 Pagesof native non-western cultures that have been impacted by globalization. The Ogoni culture indigenous non-western culture in the Niger Delta region of southern Nigeria attained influence from the oil industry (Unknown, UNPO, 2009). In 1956, after World War II, Shell Oil Company from Britain began searching for oil deposits in new territory, with discovery of oil in the Niger Delta, Nigeria (Unknown, UNPO, 2009). Prior to the globalization of the oil industry, the Ogoni culture, had a culture of traditionRead MoreThe Impact of Globalization on Africas Social and Economic Conditions1594 Words   |  7 PagesThe Impact of Globalization on Africas Social and Economic Conditions In the twentieth century, the phenomenon of globalization rapidly swept across the world forcefully and powerfully. The very concept of globalization is difficult to exactly define, as it has vast meanings to a vast number of people. Globalization is a relatively new term used to describe a very old process. It is a historical course of action that began with our human ancestors moving out of Africa to spread all over the globeRead MoreThe Effect of Foreign Trade on Tthe Nigerian Economy1273 Words   |  6 Pagescertain goods is on the increase, which gave rise to the concept of foreign trade†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.. .Foreign trade exists alongside domestic trade, which has also undergone transformation from the old style of â€Å"trade by barter† to â€Å"business†. In the light of this, Nigeria as a nation participates in foreign trade. LITERATURE REVIEW Foreign trade as defined by Longe, (2008) is the buying and selling of goods and services beyond the geographical boundaries of a country or between one country and the other. 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INTRODUCTION Globalization (or globalisation) refers to the increasing global relationships of culture, people, and economic activity. It is generally used to refer to economic globalization: the global distribution of the production of goods and services, through reduction of barriers to international trade such as tariffs, export fees, and import quotas and the reduction of restrictions on the movement of capital and on investment. Globalization may contribute to economic growth

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Drug Testing for Welfare Recipients Free Essays

Unit 2 Project: Drug Testing for Welfare Recipients Tracy Brown Kaplan University Drug Testing for Welfare Recipients When considering effective ways to cut government spending, each state should start requiring mandatory drug testing among all its welfare recipients. Cutting welfare benefits to known drug abusers will allow benefits to be doled out more effectively and efficiently to those Americans that are truly in need, diminish drug use in those poverty stricken communities that tend to rely on welfare assistance and take a chunk from the government’s out of control spending. I think that this is an effective thesis statement because it clearly outlines my paper and it states what side of this discussion I have chosen to represent. We will write a custom essay sample on Drug Testing for Welfare Recipients or any similar topic only for you Order Now It is stated clear, concise, and to the point. Because mandatory drug testing for welfare recipients is an issue that is not in full effect, it may be difficult to find opinions from â€Å"reliable† sources concerning such legislation. It may also be difficult to determine long term effects of such a program like cuts in spending and reductions in drug abuse. I will be researching government websites both nationally and locally. I would also like to contact local government representatives to perhaps get an opinion about the idea of said legislation. In addition, because this is such a new topic, there are many newspapers to research that will have the latest on states that want to begin developing the idea of mandatory drug testing. It will be difficult to avoid logical fallicies on this topic. Because I am coming down on one side of this discussion and want to persuade my audience, I will want to use comments and information from those that view it as I do. Using statistics that are deemed factual will help in showing that these are not just biased opinions from politicians that are simply looking for another vote. If I were to begin to persuade a city council meeting or write a letter to my local government representatives about the importance of mandatory drug testing for welfare recipients, I would begin by saying: Welfare is not an entitlement! It was never intended to be as such. When President Roosevelt enacted the Social Security Act in 1935, it was during the great depression, when 25% of Americans were unemployed. Since then welfare has generously extended its hand to millions of Americans (2012). When someone is benefitting from these programs, and is not deemed disabled, it should be viewed as a â€Å"hand up† not a â€Å"hand out†. It is an issue all over the country that welfare is being abused by its benefactors. Cards are being used for ATM withdrawals, to purchase liquor, buying cigarettes, and even gambling in casinos. Food stamps are being openly traded for drugs (Camden, 2011). Not to mention the deception that is occurring about how many dependents a recipient is responsible for. To be subjected to a simple urine test to receive money and benefits from the U. S, government is not too much to bear. It is no different than obliging to mandatory drug testing for a job. Florida state governor Rick Scott has stated that in his state alone they will save 9 million dollars a year because of benefits being cut due to mandatory drug testing. With these kinds of cuts in spending nationwide, it is sure to reduce government spending a great deal. Not to mention the effect it will have on drug abusers. Florida state governor Rick Scott has implemented drug counseling on a volunteer basis for those benefactors that test positive (Delaney, 2011). Cuts in spending, responsible distribution of benefits and reductions in drug abuse, this sounds like a win-win scenario for us all. References Author Unknown, (2012), The History of Welfare, Retrieved from: http://www. elfareinfo. org/history/ Delaney, A. , (2011, November 27). Rick Scott Backs Drug Tests for Welfare Beneficiaries, Public Worker, and Himself, Retrieved from: http://www. huffingtonpost. com/2011/09/27drug-testing-welfare-_n_983235-. html/ Camden, J. , (2011, February 04). The Spokesman-Review, Abuse of Welfare Electronic Benefits Transfer Cards Targeted, Retrieved from: http://www. spokesman. com/stories/2011/feb/04/abuse-of-welfare-electronic-benefits-transfer/ How to cite Drug Testing for Welfare Recipients, Essay examples

Monday, May 4, 2020

Firestone Tire Recall Essay Example For Students

Firestone Tire Recall Essay Mission Statement: The Firestone Company is committed to being a good corporate citizen nationally, regionally and especially in the communities where we have manufacturing plants, sales facilities or offices. Our corporate philosophy is to build not just better products, but better communities. Firestone traces their roots to the Firestone Tire and Rubber Company in 1900. Harvey S. Firestone started tire production with twelve employees in Akron, Ohio. In Japan during 1931, Shojiro Ishibashi created the Bridgestone Tire Company. Bridgestone is proud to carry on the blending of Japanese and American methods to provide quality products. Their philosophy is to serve society with superior quality and best today but still better tomorrow. In August 2000, there was a recall of Bridgestone/Firestone tires. The company recalled its 15 inch ATX and ATX II tires, plus 15 inch Wilderness AT tires. The recall involved more than six million tires. A federal investigation found at least 88 deaths and more than 300 accidents involving Bridgestone/Firestone tires that had shredded on the highway. The majority of the accidents held the same situation of the driver maintaining a speed of 65 miles per hour, the tires shredded and the rubber peeled away from the rim. Most of the tire failures involved Ford Explorer sport utility vehicles. These accidents occurred after tire treads peeled off, causing tires to burst and malfunction then drivers lost control of their vehicles which resulted in crashes and turnovers. The tires involved are made up of many different materials layered around an inner shell. The outermost layer is the tread, which covers two layers of steel cords. This tire recall was the second largest in history; it als o raised a significant social responsibility and ethical issues for both Ford and Bridgestone/Firestone companies. Firestones last major tire recall nearly bankrupted the company in 1978, and led to its acquisition by Japanese-based Bridgestone. As with the recall announced, it involved abnormally high tread separation, resulting in accidents and deaths. Most of the tires involved in the recall were produced at Firestones Decatur, Illinois plant. Poor quality was named as one of the main causes of the failures, and many proposals were advanced to strengthen and update regulatory procedures. I think that Bridgestone/Firestone tire recall is complicated and extensive problem. The companies involved needed to explain why they knew about the problems but continued the sale of those products. The Firestone Company has a social responsibility to ensure the safety of its consumers. The tires seem to have a defect that causes the tread to separate form the whole of the tire and roll the vehicle, this occurs especially in the Ford Explorer trucks. In some of the cases fatal accidents have occurred from the rollovers. These companies need to understand that immediate action needed to be taken place to resolve issues and prevent more from occurring. This is the social responsibility of the Bridgestone/Firestone Company. This product recall affects the stakeholders; these consist of groups in Bridgestone/Firestones external environment. The groups are the employees, customers, social and political groups, competitors, trade and industry associations, governments, media, suppliers, communities, shareholders, and unions. These groups are significantly influenced by the organizations decisions and actions. These groups can also influence the organization, and impact the decisions and actions of Bridgestone/Firestone managers. Bridgestone/Firestone organization should care about managing the stakeholders relationships because it can lead to other organizational outcomes such as improved predictability of environmental changes, more successful innovations and greater organizational flexibility to reduce impact of changes. The consumer demands from an ethical point of view, a safe and worthwhile product. The problem was serious, since it killed passengers of many vehicles involved. This product of tires wa s also sold overseas. This impacted both Ford and Firestone because it put further consumer doubt into stakeholders. As early as the 1990s the indications of defects in the Firestone tires have appeared. In August 2000, a Firestone spokesperson announced that the company was being sued 51 times. A spokesperson for Ford said that no judgments have been awarded against Ford. Martin Inglis, the vice president of Ford North America said that Ford had tested the Firestone tires at its desert proving grounds in Arizona but had never witnessed such a failure. In 1999, Ford began receiving troubling reports from overseas markets. Ford received complaints of the suspected Firestone tires failing suddenly at high temperatures and under heavy loads. To the response of heavy complaints Ford replaced Firestone tires on more than 46,000 of its Explorer vehicles in Saudi Arabia, Venezuela, Thailand, and Malaysia. Mr. Inglis stated, The incidents overseas seemed incidental, and that Ford didnt understand what the issues were in the United States. Ford officials said they had been looking at reports of tire tread s eparation on Ford Explorers for some time. At the time of the recall one official stated, It didnt just happen in the last 10 days. The root causes of the tire tread separation have been determined. An analysis of evidence shows that the tires fail because they are poorly designed. The design problems are founded by poor quality control in the tire manufacturing process. The design of the tire at the belt edges in the area around the wedge is insufficiently strong for the loads applied by the Explorer at the inflation pressures that are recommended by Ford. Firestone has never addressed the fact that the wedge gauge in thickness is unusually small and that the placement of the wedge length has a direct impact on durability of the tire at the belt edges. Also, reduced tires weight in the mid 1990s resulted in the insufficient coverage over the belt edges between the tires tread block pockets. The material removed from the tires to reduce weight restricted the engineers ability to spe cify a durable belt edge design with a smooth changeover from the inflexible belt edges to the flexible upper sidewall. The tire may have performed somewhat when produced precisely to specification and operated lightly loaded and at the maximum inflation pressure. The failure indicated that the design was unacceptable when the tire was exposed to the Explorer loads and the weight restriction that occurred during production. Ford and Firestone ignore the fact the weight reduction in the tire was directly related to the fact that the Explorer was so poorly designed that its wheels would not stay on the ground during anticipated turning maneuvers. The tires pocket shoulder design contributes to the generation of excessive internal heat at the belt edges. Radiographic analysis reveals there is significant movement of the tread rubber to fill the shoulder blocks of the tread pattern during curing of the tire. This unfilled shoulder block increased stress on the belt edges that result in crack formations at the belt edges. Radiographic analysis also display that the wire alignment within the belts is not uniform. It also reveals bad splices and extreme belt placement discrepancy. The wire cord that was chosen for use in the tires is 15, old technology used to cut costs. It pronounces the problems created by the shoulder design because it allows oxygen to interact with the rubber that results in ruin of the skim compound. The skim compound has inadequate rubber to wire adhesion for the specific design characteristics of the tire and steel wire. As the rubber looses adhesion from the steel belt cords cracks develop at the belt edges resulting in separation. Ford or Firestone has not addressed the role of the 15 wire cord characteristics as a contributing factor that enabled the spreading of cracks in the tire. The history of this problem with the 15 wire cord was revealed in the 1978 Firestone 500 recall. Design problems in the Explorer created a danger of rollover in turning maneuvers. Instead of modifying the design of the Explorer to fix the instability, Ford chose to recommend that the tires be operated at 26 pounds per square inch (psi) which was significantly below the maximum allowed inflation pressure. The lower tire pressure increased the rolling resistance of the tires but raised their operating temperature and decreasing belt adhesion. The decreased tire inflation and increased rolling resistance also lowered the Explorers fuel efficiency. To correct the fuel economy problem, the tire design was changed to a lighter weight and less durable which was prone to the stresses created by use on the Explorer at Fords recommended inflation pressure. The combination of all of these factors causes unusually high stress and heat at the belt edge area of the tires. This result in small cracks that spread inward and ending in complete tread belt separations, particularly when the tires are used in hot climates in a loaded condition and at high spe eds. The tires recall problem has been resolved. The Bridgestone/Firestone initiated a voluntary safety campaign to replace approximately 297,000 steel radial AT tires. Consumers will receive free replacement tires. Since these tires were not performing up to the companys expectations and in order to avoid any future problems they will replace the tires to enhance safety and to ensure customer satisfaction. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) has implemented the Tread Act that raised the bar for tire safety. The Tread Act was started in November of 2000, with direct linkage to the safety of Firestone tires and related matters. NHTSA could have detected the problems with the tires sooner if it had obtained reports about the tires problems in a timely manner. The Tread Act requires vehicle and equipment manufactures to report periodically to NHTSA on a wide variety of information that could show the existence of potential safety defect and to advise NHTSA of for eign safety recalls and campaigns. The act increases civil penalties for violations of the vehicle safety law and provides criminal penalties for any misleading information about safety defects. The manufacturers are required to accelerate its program to fix a defect if there is a risk of serious injury or death. Manufacturers are also required to reimburse owners who acquire cost of a replacement before being notified by the manufacturer. It prohibits the sale of motor vehicle equipment if it is the subject of a defect recall. The Tread act also revised and updated the Federal motor vehicle safety standards for tires to improve labeling on tires and to require a system in new motor vehicles that warn the driver when a tire is under inflated. Also new developments are being made to carry out rollover tests in vehicles and to disperse the results to the public. False Faces EssayNHTSAs reputation has been hurt by the media coverage and facts brought out in the congressional investigations. An editorial in The Bakersfield Californian suggested that NHTSA standards might be too weak or not enforced. NHTSA has been criticized for not investigating Firestone Tire and Ford Explorer accidents earlier. It appears that NHTSA failed to act in a timely manner. In addition the agencys data collection and reporting procedures added to the confusion and uncertainty surrounding the potential defect. It is interesting to note that although the NHTSA investigation began in May 2000. The data then posted on the NHTSA Web site represents a creditable effort to keep the public informed. This official site of the NHTSA summarizes essential recall information, states the current reporting procedure, and offers updated statistics on claims received. NHTSA says it will continue to monitor the situation to see if other tires needed to be recalled. It can be seen that the key executives in this event have taken many positive steps. Tires have been replaced, cars were redesigned, laws were passed, lawsuits are being settled, and most importantly, there has been more public awareness of safety issues. However there are unanswered questions. Have we determined the root cause of the tire failure? Have we recalled all of the dangerous tires? Have we fully investigated the relationship with SUV rollovers and tire failure? Will NHTSA do a better job in the future as it relates to consumer complaints? Will victims and their families have to resort to expensive lawsuits in order to reap justice? Will the different viewpoints of design engineers, manufacturers, and company executives are resolved before lives are lost? We need this company and all of its management to have good business ethics to do what is capable to keep the public safe. Works CitedBridgestone/Firestone statement regarding Venezuela voluntary customer satisfaction program. (2000, Sept 4). from the World Wide Web: http://bridgestone-firestone.com/news/atx/indexnews.htmConsumer advisory. (2000, September 1). from the World Wide Web: http://www.nhtsa.dot.gov/hot/firestone/consumer/consumer_09-01-00.htmlDocuments show Firestone knew of defects in 1997. (2000, September 6). from the World Wide Web: http://abcnews.go.com/sections/us/Daily/News/tiresPM000906.htm. Firestone announces findings of root cause analysis: Increased rate of tread separation claims caused by combination of factors. (2000, Dec. 19). from the World Wide Web: http://www.bridgestone-firestone.com/news/corporate/news/001219a.htmFirestone Radial ATX, ATXII and Wilderness AT voluntary safety recall information center. the World Wide Web: http://www.bridgestone-firestone.com/news/atx/indexnews.htmFirestone tire recall. (2000, August). from the World Wide Web: http://www.nhtsa.dot.gov/hot/firestone/Ford settles 8 Firestone-related lawsuits. (2000, Dec. 28). from the World Wide Web: http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/cover/storydb/2000/12/28/mn-bford.c28.txt.htmlFord lets dealers replace Firestone tires with other makes. (2000, Sept. 16). from the World Wide Web: http://www.cnn.com/Ford says Explorer not at fault. (2001, Apr. 20). from the World Wide Web: http://news.excite.com/news/ap/010420/14/tire-deaths-ford.htmlGovernment investigators seek to wrap up Firestone probe. (2000, Dec . 21). from the World Wide Web: http://www.cnn.com/2000/US/12/21/firestone.nhtsa/index.htmlNaughton, K. (2001, April 6). Questions answers: Well be judged on our values and behavior. Newsweek On-line. from the World Wide Web http://stacks.msnbc.com/news/556056.asp?cp1=1. NHTSA investigating failure of Firestone brand tires. (2000, Aug. 3). from the World Wide Web: http://www.cnn.com/Phillips, R. (2000, Sept. 16). Bridgestone/Firestone executive says complaints didnt reach him. from the World Wide Web: http://www.cnn.com/Public Citizen. (2001, Jan. 4). Ford, Firestone officials took narrow view when recalling tires, ignoring key data while admitting tires lacked strength. from the World Wide Web: http://www.citizen.org/fireweb/firereport.htmPublic Citizen Safetyforum.com. (2001, Jan. 4). Spinning their wheels: How Ford and Firestone fail to justify the limited tire recall. from the World Wide Web: http://www.citizen.org/Press/pr-auto25.htmRoss, S. (2000, Nov. 1). Tire-safety law signed. from the World Wide Web: http://more.abcnews.go.com/sections/us/dailynews/clinton-tires001101.htm. Schaefer, G. (2000, December 20). Wheeling and dealing: Bridgestone admits some blame for deadly tire failures. from the World Wide Web: http://more.abcnews.go.com/sections/us/dailynews/tires001220.htm. Sears stops selling Bridgestone/Firestone tires under probe in crashes. (2000, Aug. 4). from the World Wide Web: http://www.cnn.com/Valenti, C. (2000, September 5). What cost recalls? from the World Wide Web: http://abcnews.go.com/sections/business/TheStreet/firestonetire_recall000905.htm.

Sunday, March 29, 2020

(1) Forms of business organisations Essays - Free Essays

(1) Forms of business organisations Essays - Free Essays (1) Forms of business organisations Sole Trader: Business owned by one person (generally quite small) but sole trader can have employees Counts as self-employed Individual pays income tax No need to make financial information publicly available Sole trader has UNLIMITED LIABILITY No need to keep formal accounting records No legal procedure required to end the business Business seizes when the owner dies Partnership "A group of sloe traders" Company counts as a legal person JOINT and SEVERAL LIABILITY: all partners are equally liable to all debts. Creditors will sue whoever has the most money ie whoever is most likely to pay Profits don't have to be shared evenly Can share the load/responsibilities with partners Partnerships pay income tax 3 sorts of partnerships: Traditional Partnership: defined by the Partnership Act 1890. Two or more people working together. Not a formal company but may have a trading name. Relatively small number of partners. Unlimited liability. Each partner is equally responsible for debts regardless of profit sharing ratio Limited Partnership: guided by the Limited Partnerships act 1907. Composed of a number of sleeping partners who have limited liability. You still need one general active partner with limited liability Limited Liability Partnership (LLP): governed by the Limited Liability Partnerships Act 2000. Has many features of a company but it is still a partnership. Partnership does NOT end when one of the partners dies. Limited Liability. Used mainly by professional firms eg accountants, lawyers, architects, etc. The Company Incorporated following procedures in the Companies Act 2006 Consequences of incorporation: Separate legal personality. We sign legal documents as a company, we are sued as a company, we enter in to contracts as a company (a legal entity) Shareholders have limited liability (normally the amount you invested at the start ie the nominal value of the shares) May have to sign a personal guarantee (you act as a guarantor by providing personal collateral against the debt) if you're a small company Company may be legally liable The company is owned by shareholders, run by directors/managers Public v Private Companies: Public limited= PLC, Private Limited=Ltd Specified in the memorandum PLC still has limited liability Must have at least 50000 authorised capital, 25% of which is paid up If you want to be quoted on the stock exchange you have to be a PLC. But not all PLC's are quoted on the stock exchange PLC has different reporting standards Any other company is Private(Ltd) Limited v Unlimited Companies Unlimited companies are rare Limited companies can be set up for under 200 Limited to the sum invested or what they have agreed to invest (shareholders are not personally liable) Advantages and Disadvantages ADVANTAGES DISADVANTAGES Sole Trader complete control freedom to make decisions easy to set up simple record keeping Unlimited Liability Partnership someone to share load/responsibilities with more funding to work with more expertise Unlimited Liability Limited Company Limited Liability Administratively much more complicated (2) Partnerships General Partnership: an unincorporated business where all partners have unlimited liability. You have joint and several liability Key Legislation: Partnerships Act 1890 (PA 1890) Definition (S1): The relation which subsists between persons carrying on a business in common with a view of profit' The relation which subsists - partnership is a relationship (between people) NOT a legal entity therefore it does not have a separate legal personality Between persons - a company can be a partner in a partnership, but you need at least one partner with unlimited liability Carrying on a business - (S45) covers everything (every trade, occupation or business) In common - carrying out business together With a view of profit - non-profit organisations eg charities can't be partners. Can have a partnership that fails making profit (doesn't have to have made a profit, just needs to try making a profit) Partnership starts when you start carrying on business, not when deed of partnership is signed Different Sorts of partners: Salaried Partner: receives a salary instead a share of the profits (May or may not have limited liability depending on their agreement. Decided by the courts judgement) Equity Partner: general partner who receives a share of the profits (and losses) Sleeping Partner: partner who invests in the business but doesn't actively manage the business. Court decides whether or not the sleeping partner has unlimited liability Khan v Miah (2001): 3 individuals decided to open a restaurant: bought furniture, equipment, advertised but there was a fallout before restaurant opened and partnership was dissolved - was a partnership formed? (important because if yes, then joint liability for purchases). HELD yes there was a partnership because although they hadn't started trading,

Saturday, March 7, 2020

The Story of an Hour Irony and Symbolism Essay Example

The Story of an Hour Irony and Symbolism Essay Example The Story of an Hour Irony and Symbolism Paper The Story of an Hour Irony and Symbolism Paper In Kate Chopins short story The Story of an Hour, the narrator portrays issues of love, freedom, and independence on a physical and mental level. This story was written based on the 19th century woman. The time when a woman had minimum rights, and barely had a role in society. Even in a loving relationship, a woman was still unequal to a man; she did not have the freedom she desired. Chopin uses irony, symbolism and reverse theory to express Louise Mallards thoughts as she grieved her husbands death and embraced her newly found freedom. Throughout the text, Chopin uses two types of irony; situational and dramatic. This story is mainly based on ironic issues, meaning that the readers are portrayed one picture and the opposite thats not expected is what eventually happens. When Mrs. Mallard received the news about her husbands death, she faced a series of mixed emotions, which were kind of conflicting. She briefly grieves her husband, and at the same time is bombarded with thoughts of the free life that awaited her with this occurrence. She wept at once, with sudden, wild abandonment, in her sisters arms alone. She would have no one follow her {paragraph 3}. The dramatic irony comes to play when Josephine, Mrs. Mallards sister is worried that her sister has locked herself in her room tearing up, when shes really in the room thinking about how wonderful her lifes going to be. Josephine was kneeling before the closed door with her lips to the keyhole, imploring for admission. Louise, open the door! I beg; open the door†you will make yourself ill. What are you doing, Louise? For heavens sake open the {paragraph 17}. Another instance of dramatic irony is at the end of the story right before Mrs. Mallard dies. The author presents a situation where Louise Mallard dies of being overjoyed at the sight of her husband. In reality the rony is that she dies of the shock and distress in seeing her husband standing before her. When the doctors came they said she had died of heart disease†of Joy that kills {paragraph 23}. Symbolism the particular idea or quality that is expressed by a symbol (Merriam- Webster). In this story the author uses symbols to represent her ideas in expressing Mrs. Mallards feelings. There are three major uses of symbolism in this story. The first example of symbolism is Louise Mallard being afflicted with heart trouble. The heart trouble signifies her discontent with her marriage and the sadness at her absence of freedom. The second occurrence of symbolism is the opened window. The opened window represents freedom, as Mrs. Mallard lets out the old air in the room and lets go of her old life she welcomes the fresh air and a new life. The new life she is now about to experience now that she is finally free from her unhappy relationship. She could see in the open square before her house the tops of trees that were all aquiver with the new spring life. The delicious breath of rain was in the air {paragraph 5}. There was a feverish triumph in her eyes, and she carried herself unwittingly like a goddess of Victory {paragraph 20}. Chopin also uses the statement above from paragraph 20 to show symbolism. The symbols in this paragraph are feverish triumph and goddess of victory. This represents Louise triumph and being victorious over her restricted marriage. There would be no powerful will bending to impose a private will upon a fellow-creature {paragraph 14}. The idea of reverse theory is used to bring a little twist into the story. Reverse theory is actually used throughout the story but is not revealed until the end. Throughout the story, the author makes the audience believe that Mr. Mallard died in a tragic railroad accident. At the end of the story it is revealed that Mrs. Mallard was the one that actually died at the shock of seeing her husband. When she saw that her husband did not die, her thoughts and vision of a new life were shattered, and thats when the story became tragic in reality and ended with the passing of Louise Mallard. The theme of Chopins story is very unified, starting and ending the story emphasizing on Mrs. Mallards heart issue, which portrayed a mental and physical significance to her life. Ironically, the last hour of Mrs. Mallards life was victorious for her and she had a chance to envision part of the freedom that she always wanted.

Thursday, February 20, 2020

Staffing Handbook of Global Communications Incorporation Assignment

Staffing Handbook of Global Communications Incorporation - Assignment Example It requires talented human resources from different segments to man various positions in the company, and the availability of sufficient manpower is crucial to the operational success of the company. The company’s vision is to become a world-renowned provider of communication service to a global community and attain the position of the leader in this industry. It currently plans to expand its operation to South America and African nations. Its mission is to provide excellent communication services to the global community, with a specific focus on after-sales services. It also aspires to become the best corporate to the employees by providing them best competitive remuneration and working conditions apart from being a socially responsible organization. The company also lays emphasis on best ethical practices and exemplary leadership qualities. Companies need to adopt appropriate strategies to staff their organization with suitable human resources in order to ensure the execution of relevant tasks in time so as to enable them to run their operations smoothly. Strategic staffing can be understood as a â€Å"process of identifying and addressing† the implications of staffing on various strategies and plans that the organization implements in their day to day functioning (Bechet, 2002, p.7). Global Communications Inc perceives strategic staffing as a process of understanding staffing implications on the operations being conducted at various levels in the organization as well as in providing a seamless flow of after-sales services. Being involved in the area of communications, which is a major element in the modern world, our organizations need to maintain a high level of quality and service in our employees for attaining overall efficiency. Being in the service sector we also need to make sure of the availability of sk illed human resources at all levels.